It also has several formally recognized national languages; besides Somali, many people speak Afar, which is also an Afro-Asiatic language.The majority of the population speaks Somali and Afar, although Arabic is also widely used for trade and other activities.
There are also some Christian adherents in the Arab world, particularly in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine.
Comoros has three official languages: Arabic, Comorian and French.
Comorian is the most widely spoken language, with Arabic having a religious significance, and French being associated with the educational system.
Chad, Eritrea and Israel all recognize Arabic as an official language, but none of them is a member-state of the Arab League, although both Chad and Eritrea are observer states of the League (with possible future membership) and have large populations of Arabic speakers. By some definitions, Iranian Arabs are mainly found in Ahvaz, a southwestern region in the Khuzestan Province; others inhabit the Bushehr and Hormozgan provinces and the city of Qom.
Mali and Senegal recognize Hassaniya, the Arabic dialect of the Moorish ethnic minority, as a national language.
Shariah law exists partially in the legal system in some countries (especially in the Arabian peninsula), while others are legislatively secular.