Satire became an especially popular technique used during the Enlightenment, in which it was believed that an artist could correct folly by using art as a mirror to reflect society.
When people viewed the satire and saw their faults magnified in a distorted reflection, they could see how ridiculous their behavior was and then correct that tendency in themselves. Popular cartoons such as make use of it in modern media.
Conventionally, formal satire involves a direct, first-person-address, either to the audience or to a listener mentioned within the work. Ridicule, irony, exaggeration, and similar tools are almost always used in satire.
The metrical pattern is described under Sapphic meter.
See cycle and epic.: French law stating that the right of a king's son to inherit the French throne passes only patrilineally rather than matrilineally.
In England, however, the English Queen Consort (a queen married to a ruling husband) can become the Queen Regnant (a queen ruling in her own right) if her husband dies and there are no other male relatives in line to inherit the throne.
Until the 12th century, most sagas were folklore, and they passed from person to person by oral transmission. The Icelandic sagas take place when Iceland was first settled by Vikings (930-1030 AD).
Examples include Grettir's Saga, Njál's Saga, Egil's Saga, and the Saga of Eric the Red.
The saga is marked by literary and social conventions including warriors who stop in the midst of combat to recite extemporaneous poetry, individuals wearing dark blue cloaks when they are about to kill someone, elaborate genealogies and "back-story" before the main plot, casual violence, and recitations of the names and features of magical swords and weapons.