By the early 20th century, the Marine Corps would become one of the dominant theorists and practitioners of amphibious warfare. In preparation for the Quasi-War with France, Congress created the United States Navy and the Marine Corps.Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises has made and continues to make it an important tool for U. The Marines' most famous action of this period occurred in the First Barbary War (1801–1805) against the Barbary pirates.In World War I, battle-tested, veteran Marines served a central role in the United States' entry into the conflict.
In the 1850s, the Marines would see service in Panama, and in Asia. Civil War (1861–1865); their most important task was blockade duty and other ship-board battles, but were mobilized for a handful of operations as the war progressed.The Corps also saw its peak growth as it expanded from two brigades to two corps with six divisions, and five air wings with 132 squadrons. The Korean War (1950–1953) saw the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade holding the line at the Battle of Pusan Perimeter, where Marine helicopters (VMO-6 flying the HO3S1 helicopter) made their combat debut.During the battle for Iwo Jima, photographer Joe Rosenthal took the famous photo Raising of the Flag on Iwo Jima of five Marines and one naval corpsman raising a U. The Marines also played an important role in the Vietnam War at battles such as Da Nang, Huế, and Khe Sanh.Although it may have been composed of men from surrounding colonies intent for a Crown commission, it was also used as a dumping ground for its debtors, criminals, scoundrels, and vagrants.This "four-battalion" regiment, the 43rd Regiment of Foot, better known as "Gooch's Marines", has a lineage that can be traced to the origin of the United States Marine Corps.The history of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) begins with the founding of the Continental Marines on 10 November 1775 to conduct ship-to-ship fighting, provide shipboard security and discipline enforcement, and assist in landing forces.