Dating violence risk factors

OBJECTIVES: With our study we aimed to (1) understand what factors uniquely conferred risk for physical and sexual forms of teen dating violence (TDV) perpetration and (2) create a screening algorithm to quantify perpetration risk on the basis of these factors.METHODS: A total of 1031 diverse public high school students living in Southeast Texas participated in our study (56% female; 29% African American, 28% white, and 31% Hispanic).Self-report measures concerning TDV and associated risk factors were completed annually for 6 years.RESULTS: Results suggested that family violence (domestic violence exposure, maltreatment) together with deficits in conflict resolution incrementally improved our forecasts above and beyond lifetime history of physical TDV perpetration (net reclassification improvement = 0.44; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.30–0.59).With our final algorithms we provide an evidence-based screening tool that can be used to operationalize the likelihood of future TDV perpetration and inform existing TDV prevention programs on the most salient risk factors to target.The 6-year longitudinal study was approved by the institutional review board of the University of Texas Medical Branch. Recruitment occurred during school hours in courses with mandated attendance.Although these studies reveal domains of risk associated with TDV perpetration, it is challenging to translate these findings into a preventive framework.It may be that more proximal risk factors attenuate the longitudinal effect of more distal risk factors), making it difficult to know which proximal risk factors to target in screening initiatives for TDV perpetration.

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Traditionally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) approaches are preferred to solely using regression-based techniques to determine the appropriateness of a screening protocol.

Because of the deleterious consequences of teen dating violence (TDV), identifying which adolescents are most likely to perpetrate violent behavior is an important public health priority.

To date, ∼50 risk factors for TDV perpetration have been identified.

An important priority for researchers with this agenda is to identify individuals who are at greatest risk to perpetrate TDV.

An impressive response by the research community to these initiatives has resulted in the identification of 53 correlated liabilities for prospective TDV perpetration.

We examined theoretically relevant, empirically validated predictors of TDV perpetration in a large sample of ethnically and racially diverse adolescents as they transitioned into emerging adulthood, a high-risk developmental transition for TDV perpetration.

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