Most treatment side effects appear during or just after treatment and go away a short time later.But some problems might not go away or might not show up until months or years after treatment. Because more children with cancer now survive into adulthood, their long-term health and these late effects have become a focus of care and research.In some cases, surgery may be fairly minor and may leave nothing more than a scar.
Younger children’s bodies tend to be more sensitive to the effects of radiation.
Children with brain tumors or with acute lymphocytic (lymphoblastic) leukemia (ALL) are most likely to have late effects in the brain, but children with other cancers may be affected as well.
Treatments that can affect the brain include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
If your child is being treated for cancer or if you were treated as a child, it’s important to speak with the health care team to learn more about the possible late effects based on your specific situation.
Some treatments used for tumors in the brain or to try to prevent cancer from spreading there can cause late effects.
Other things that can affect a child’s risk include: Late effects are caused by the damage that cancer treatment does to healthy cells in the body.