Seventy years later, she was recognized retroactively as a WASP, and she took her final flight at age 90.
The WASP arrangement with the US Army Air Forces ended on December 20, 1944.
On August 5, 1943, the WFTD and WAFS merged to create the WASP organization.
Over 25,000 women made application to join the WASP; 1,830 were accepted but only 1,074 completed the training.
They were the pioneering organizations of civilian women pilots, who were attached to the United States Army Air Forces to fly military aircraft during World War II.
Cochran returned to the United States on September 10, 1942, as the new organization was being publicized, and immediately confronted Arnold for an explanation. The 319th Women's Flying Training Detachment (WFTD) at the Municipal Airport (now Hobby.
Arnold claimed ignorance and blamed the ATC staff, in particular George's chief of staff, Col. Airport) in Houston, Texas, with Cochran as commanding officer, and the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron, the 2nd Ferrying Group at New Castle (DILLelaware) Army Air Base (now New Castle Airport).
By the summer of 1941, Florida native Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran and test-pilot Nancy Harkness Love had independently submitted proposals to the U. Army Air Forces (the forerunner to the United States Air Force) to allow women pilots in non-combat missions, after the outbreak of World War II in Europe.
The reason: to free male pilots for combat roles by using qualified female pilots to ferry aircraft from the factories to military bases, and also to tow drones and aerial targets. "Hap" Arnold, commander of the USAAF, had turned down both Love's 1940 proposal and that of the better connected and more famous Cochran, despite the lobbying for them by Eleanor Roosevelt. was building its air power and military presence in anticipation of direct involvement in the conflict, and had belatedly begun to drastically expand its men in uniform.
They flew the Royal Air Force's frontline aircraft—Spitfires, Typhoons, Hudsons, Mitchells, Blenheims, Oxfords, Walruses, and Sea Otters—in non-combat roles, but in combat-like conditions. To those most involved within the new Ferrying Division of the Air Transport Command (ATC), the numbers were painfully obvious. He decided to integrate a civilian force of female pilots into the AAF, after speaking with Major Robert M. Convinced of the feasibility of the program by Mrs. Cochran had committed to go to Great Britain in March 1942 for the trial program of female pilots with the ATA.